Religion and Pro-social Behavior: Lessons from an Event Study of the Catholic-Clergy Sexual Abuse Scandals in the United States (научный семинар ИНИИ)
Докладчик: Nicolas Luis Bottan (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Докладчик: Nicolas Luis Bottan* (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).
19 июля, четверг, Ауд. Ж-804 (Покровский б-р, 11), 16:00
Many studies have documented a strong positive correlation between religious participation and pro-social behavior. However, no conclusive evidence exists supporting the direction of causality. We present novel evidence by exploiting an event study of the Catholic-clergy sexual abuse scandals in the United States from 1980 to 2010. We created a unique dataset with the exact geo-location of each parish involved in a scandal and the exact date when each accusation became public. First, we show that Catholic religious participation in the community declines permanently in the aftermath of a scandal. Second, we demonstrate that the community affected by a scandal suffers a permanent decline in total charitable contributions and a decline in the private provision of welfare. In addition, we show that abuse scandals in lay organizations do not have a similar effect on pro-social behavior. This pattern is consistent with the hypothesis that religious congregations foster pro-social behavior.
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*Bottan Nicolas Luis - PhD student, Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.