How did the Role of Research change in Teaching-Oriented Higher Education System in Russia?
The answer to this question is extensively covered in the chapter by CInSt Senior Research Fellow Anna Panova and CinSt Director Maria Yudkevich in the new book "Teaching and Research in the Knowledge-Based Society"
Russian higher education system is characterized by a focus on teaching and operates under institutional separation from research system, inherited from the Soviet period. The post-Soviet period also contributed to the development of teaching in the system of higher education. It was only at the end of 2000s that the government began to introduce instruments aimed at the targeted development of research in this sector (reform of postgraduate studies, targeted programs, changes in the faculty remuneration schemes). In this chapter we analyze the changing role of teaching and research, both at the level of faculty and at the level of universities and the whole system. We examine the remuneration scheme prevalent in the sector and the incentives it creates. We analyze the consequences of implementing different policy instruments. Teaching remains the primary activity in terms of both preference and time spent. At the same time, incentives for research activity have changed, primarily at those universities that have been affected by the government’s targeted program. The reforms in general led to an increase in the number and quality of publications.