Academic Profession in Knowledge-based Society (APIKS)
Academic Profession in Knowledge-based Society (APIKS) Study is the continuation of the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) Study. The study is the largest ever of its kind, being part of an international comparative study that includes more than 30 countries. In general, study is devoted to the exploration of research and teaching activities, budget of working time, academic achievements and perception of academic work, working conditions, job satisfaction, and a range of demographic characteristics of university faculty.
This time, the focus of the research covers two new issues: external activities (how external activities to the institution contribute to society) and performance of academics in formative career stages. Center for Institutional Studies (CInSt) represents Russia for the second time in this project.
The first time CInSt participated was in 2012: Russian country report ENG I RUS.
Methods, sampling procedure, and a questionnaire are the same for all countries participating in the study. The sample is representative and stratified. Its size is 1,600 faculty members. The general sample institutions of higher education in this research are the 26 accredited public institutions of higher education from 12 regions. The survey was conducted in 2017-2018.
The results of the study will allow the comparison of academic activities in Russia and in more than 30 other countries, including the two that are already successful at the international academic market and still developing. The study will illuminate unique and common features of the academic profession in different countries and show the relative advantages and disadvantages of the way different academic systems are organized. Since the research originates in an earlier project, it also will provide dynamics in Russian data. Participation in this study continues CInSt's international activity in comparative research:
- Academic Salaries project (2010);
- Changing Academic Profession survey (2007 and 2012);
- Doctoral Education project (2018).
Using data from the Changing Academic Profession project (Russia 2012 subsample), various studies were conducted about academic profession in Russia regarding inbreeding, income, academic preferences and stress of faculty, etc. The results of these studies show that the level of inbreeding in Russian universities is rather high (44,4% of faculty work in the university of their graduation), while the level of mobility is extremely low (only 15% of academics changed their place work during the last 10n years prior to the survey). There is practically no difference in publication productivity between inbreeds and non-inbreeds and between mobile and non-mobile academics even with the use of different productivity measures. The only small difference between inbreeds and non-inbreeds is that the probability of having at least one publication is a bit higher for the inbreeds. Nevertheless, the number of publications positively affects academic salaries. Administrative duties are important for academic salaries, with a positive effect ranging from 15 to 51%. The obtained results were most consistent for the so-called national research universities in Russia, where academic salaries are determined by research activity (articles in academic journals) and administrative duties. At the same time, the results of studies also show that academics in Russia prefer teaching to research and spent most time on teaching. As a result, the number of publications that academics have is rather low in all types of universities in Russia.
The results were presented at the following international conferences: International Conference on Academic Profession in Knowledge Society, ECER, CHER, RHEC.
Main publications (CAP-Russia, 2012)
- Yudkevich M. M., Kozmina Y. Y., Sivak E. V., Bein O., Davydova I. (2013) The Changing Academic Profession, Russian country report
- Prakhov, I. (2019). The determinants of academic salaries in Russia. Higher Education, 1-21.
- Alipova, O., Litviniva, L., Lovakov, A., Yudkevich, M. M. (2018). Inbreds And Non-Inbreds Among Russian Academics: Short-Term Similarity And Long-Term Differences In Productivity / National research university Higher School of economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". No. 48EDU2018. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2778004 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2778004
- Yudkevich M., Sivak E.. The academic profession in Russia’s two capitals: The impact of 20 years of transition." European Educational Research Journal 16, no. 5 (2017): 626-644.
- Gorelova, O., Lovakov, A. (2016). Academic Inbreeding and Research Productivity of Russian Faculty Members / National research university Higher School of economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". No. 32/EDU/2016. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3277410 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3277410
- Yudkevich M., Sivak E.. Academic Immobility and Inbreeding in Russian Universities, in: Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education. Global Perspectives / Ed. by Maria Yudkevich, P. G. Altbach, L. E. Rumbley. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Ch. 6. P. 130-155.
- Kozmina Y. Y., Davydova I. Occupational Stress and Job Satisfaction among Professors of Russian Higher Educational Institutions / Пер. с рус. // Educational studies. 2014. Vol. 4. P. 169-183.
- Kozmina Y. Y. Attitudes Towards Research and Teaching in the Russian Public Higher Education Institutions // Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. 2014. Vol. 2. P. 8-9.
CURRENT COUNTRY RESEARCH TEAM
Country leader: Maria Yudkevich (PhD in Economics)
Representative of the core group: Anna Panova (PhD in Economics)
Country team: Lada Litvinova (Bachelor of Social Sciences, master student at a program "Applied Statistics with Network Analysis"), Olga Alipova (Master of Social Sciences, PhD student)
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