CInSt Research Seminar "Institutions and Dynamic Relational Contracts in the Oil & Gas Industry": Marta Troya-Martinez (New Economic School)
Marta Troya-Martinez will present her research "Institutions and Dynamic Relational Contracts in the Oil & Gas Industry" on CInSt research seminar on February 20th.
International contracts are difficult to enforce, especially in countries with weak institutions. Thus, oil rich countries can hold up international oil firms by renegotiating taxes once the investment is sunk. If future gains from trade exist, countries can devise a self-enforcing agreement instead. We use elections to show that governments in countries with weak institutions indeed face a binding self-enforceability constraint, while countries with strong institutions do not. In countries with weak institutions, incumbent governments, facing a non-zero probability of losing power, increase taxes by 8pp in the year of the election to satisfy the self-enforceability constraint. A self-enforcing agreement would require investment and taxes to be backloaded (Thomas and Worrall (1994)). We show that contracts in countries with weak institutions seem to be relatively more backloaded than those in countries with strong institutions.
Date: February 20th, 2019, 18:10-19:30.
Location: K416, 11 Pokrovsky Boulevard, Moscow.
Working language: English.
All welcome. If you don't have an HSE ID, please register before 2:00 PM on February 20th: cinst.hse.ru/register.